Keistimewaan Wanita di Mata Islam

Sesungguhnya kalian sudah istimewa sejak kalian diciptakan dan Islampun sangat mengistimewakan kalian. Tapi entah mengapa tumbuh kehawatiran yang tak mendasar dalam diri sebagian dari kalian disertai pemikiran yang dangkal yang justru menumbuhkan keraguan, ketidakpercayaan hingga penyangkalan atas apa yang digariskan dan diatur dalam kitab yang bersumber langsung dari yang Maha Tahu yang telah menciptakan kalian.

Bukti Keistimewaan Wanita Dalam Islam

Siapa yang dapat memungkiri bahwa islam memanglah rahmat bagi semesta alam. Islam adalah juga satu- satunya agama yang menentramkan lahir dan batin manusia. Barang siapa yang mengikutinya, maka kemuliaan akan melingkupinya. Barang siapa menyelaminya, maka kedamaian yang akan selalu menyertainya.
Islam, menyematkan kemuliaan dalam diri seorang wanita. Sang pesona dunia ini, diajarkan Oleh Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala  untuk tetap menjadi indah dan yang terindahkan. Namun sayang, banyak manusia yang lemah iman dan lemah ilmu yang justru tidak bisa menikmati dan menyadari keindahan itu dalam hati mereka. Dan begitulah, Allah telah menutup hati, dan indrawi mereka, dalam begitu kencangnya fitnah yang tujuan akhirnya sangat jelas, yaitu melucuti keindahan wanita itu sendiri, dengan cara merendahkan mereka layaknya hewan, atau bahkan lebih rendah dari itu. Naudzubillah…
Di dalam islam, wanita di perintahkan oleh Allah untuk menutup Aurat para wanita. Sungguh sesuatu yg mahal harganya akan dijaga bahkan disimpan dan di rawat dengan sangat hati- hati dan di hadiahkan pula tempat  teraman dan terbaik. Apakah pernah kita melihat seseorang membuang intan begitu saja di jalanan?.
Jilbab adalah identitas kemuliaan seorang muslimah, dan sekaligus benteng mereka dari berbagai gangguan orang- orang jahat yang mempunyai niat jahat kepada mereka. Maka maha benarlah Allah dalam firmannya,
Yang demikian itu supaya mereka lebih mudah untuk dikenal, karena itu mereka tidak diganggu.” (Q.S. Al-Ahzab: 59)
Dan di dalam Islam, seorang wanita jika dihadapkan kepada suaminya, memanglah ketaatan yang harus dilakukannya. Namun, seorang laki- laki wajib pula taat kepada ibunya 3 kali lebih utama dari sang ayah?. Maka perhatikan baik- baik wasiat rasulullah Salallahu Alaihi Wassalam, berikut ini…
“Dari Abu Hurairah radhiyallaahu ‘anhu, beliau berkata, “Seseorang datang kepada Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam dan berkata, ‘Wahai Rasulullah, kepada siapakah aku harus berbakti pertama kali?’ Nabi shalallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam menjawab, ‘Ibumu!’ Dan orang tersebut kembali bertanya, ‘Kemudian siapa lagi?’ Nabi shalallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam menjawab, ‘Ibumu!’ Orang tersebut bertanya kembali, ‘Kemudian siapa lagi?’ Beliau menjawab, ‘Ibumu.’ Orang tersebut bertanya kembali, ‘Kemudian siapa lagi,’ Nabi shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam menjawab, ‘Kemudian ayahmu.’” (HR. Bukhari Muslim)
Diantara banyak fitnah yang di hembuskan oleh para musuh- musuh islam, adalah hal yang menyangkut poligami. Mereka mengatas namakan penderitaan wanita yang di dramatisir sedemikian rupa, agar terlihat lebih simpatik. Bahkan sebenarnya betapa kasihan mereka tentang hal ini. Tingkah polah mereka semakin membuktikan kekurangan akal pada diri mereka. Apakah sudah sampai pada mereka bahwa bila seorang lelaki khawatir tidak dapat berlaku adil dalam berpoligami, maka dituntunkan kepadanya untuk hanya menikahi satu wanita. Dan ini termasuk pemuliaan pada wanita di mana pemenuhan haknya dan keadilan suami terhadapnya diperhatikan oleh Islam, seperti Allah firmankan di dalam Al Quran,
“Namun bila kalian khawatir tidak dapat berbuat adil maka nikahilah satu wanita saja.” (QS. An Nisa: 3)
Begitu di muliakannya wanita dalam islam, bahkan para suami, yaitu manusia yang paling berhak atas istri- istri mereka, tetap diperintahkan oleh Allah untuk tidak boleh berbuat sewenang- wenang kepada istri mereka.
“Dan bergaullah kalian (para suami) dengan mereka (para istri) secara patut.” (An-Nisa`: 19)

Hal tersebut tetap berlaku walaupun sang suami dalam keadaan tidak menyukai istrinya. Seperti firman Allah berikut ini
“Kemudian bila kalian tidak menyukai mereka maka bersabarlah karena mungkin kalian tidak menyukai sesuatu padahal Allah menjadikan padanya kebaikan yang banyak.” (An-Nisa`: 19)
Dan Memanglah,  kasih sayang islam begitu sangat melingkupi kaum yang memang diciptakan Allah lebih lemah dari pada laki- laki ini. Maka dari itu, ketika wanita menerima warisan, memanglah wanita mendapat jatah kurang dari laki- laki. Bukan karena tidak adanya keadilan Allah disana, tapi sungguh harta yang jumlahnya kurang dari para laki- laki itu hanya menjadi milik pribadinya dan para wanita tidak perlu menyerahkannya suaminya. Sedangkan saat para lelaki atau suami menerima warisan, maka sudah menjadi kewajiban laki- laki itu untuk menggunakan hartanya demi kebutuhan seluruh keluarga, anak- anak dan istrinya.
Dalam lemahnya fisik dan kurangnya Akal karena lebih di dominasi perasaanya, wanita memang haruslah tetap melalui sebuah fase perjuangan terbesar yang membuatnya harus bersusah payah. Ya, selama mereka mengandung dan melahirkan anak, adalah perjuangan yang begitu sangat menguras waktu emosi, pikiran, tenaga dll.  Tetapi Kasih sayang Allah memang tiada batas. Ketika para wanita hamil, setiap saat mereka akan didoakan oleh segala makhluk, malaikat dan seluruh makhluk Allah di mukabumi ini, dan ketika kematian ternyata datang atas mereka saat melahirkan, maka syahid akan Insyaallah akan di raihnya.
Dari Jâbir ibn ‘Atîk, Rasulullah saw. bersabda: “Mati syahîd ada tujuh, selain mati terbunuh dalam perang fîsabilillah, yaitu: (1) mati karena penyakit thâ‘ûn (semacam penyakit kelenjar), (2) mati karena tenggelam ,(3) mati karena penyakit lambung ,(4) mati karena sakit perut, (5) mati karena terbakar, (6) mati karena tertimpa reruntuhan, dan (7) perempuan yang mati karena hamil/melahirkan.”
Pahala mati syahîd layak diberikan kepada ibu hamil/melahirkan dan meninggal, karena proses melahirkan adalah proses mengadu nyawa dan sama dengan perang membela agama Allah. Selain itu, kaum wanita berperan besar dalam pengembangbiakan keturunan. Dengan bersedianya seorang wanita untuk hamil, berarti ia telah mengemban amanat dan mewujudkan proses penyempurnaan sifat kefeminimannya.
Tidak itu saja, keistimewaan seorang wanita adalah ketika mereka diperbolehkan untuk memasuki pintu Syurga melalui mana pintu manapun yang disukainya. Dan untuk semua itu, para wanita cukuplah melalui 4 syarat saja : Sholat 5 waktu, puasa di bulan Ramadhan, taat suaminya dan menjaga kehormatannya.
“Apabila seorang isteri telah mendirikan sholat lima waktu dan berpuasa bulan Ramadhan dan memelihara kehormatannya dan mentaati suaminya, maka diucapkan kepadanya: Masuklah Surga dari pintu surga mana saja yang kamu kehendaki.”
(Riwayat Ahmad dan Thabrani)
Maka sudah selayaknya, para pemilik mulut lancang yang tanpa ilmu mendengungkan topeng “kemerdekaan” bagi kaum wanita itu, menginsyafkan perbuatan mereka karena telah habis- habisan menyalakan propaganda untuk membenarkan yang salah dan menyalahkan yang benar, sehingga wanita banyak yang terjerumus sebagai korban dari rencana mereka, dan kemudian membenci aturan islam.  Mereka yang tiada segan menfitnah agama mulia ini dengan dalih memerdekakan muslimah dari belenggu. Entah belenggu semacam apa yang mereka maksud, namun satu yang pasti bahwa kedengkian mereka atas islam, adalah sudah menjadi sebuah kepastian.
Sungguh, bahkan cara Islam memuliakan wanita itu lebih dari sekedar benar- benar tampak bagi logika waras manusia. Lalu satu pertanyaan pun akhirnya muncul bagi kita para wanita, “maka nikmat Rabb kamu manakah yang kamu dustakan?” (QS Ar-Rahman: 13).
(Syahidah/voa-islam.com)

www.voa-islam.com: “bukti keistimewaan wanita dalam islam”

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Say No To Interest (Riba’)

The Definition Of Interest

The literal meaning of interest or Al-RIBA as it is used in the Arabic language means to excess or increase. In the Islamic terminology interest means effortless profit or that profit which comes free from compensation or that extra earning obtained that is free of exchange. Hazrat Shah Waliullah Dehlvi a great scholar and leader has given a very concise and precise definition of interest. He says,

“Riba` is a loan with the condition that the borrower will return to the lender more than and better than the quantity borrowed.”

Interest In Pre-Islamic Times

Hafiz Ibn Hajr writes in his commentary of Sahih Bukhari (Fathul Bari):

“Imam Malik reports on the authority of Zaid Ibn Aslam that in the period of ignorance (pre-Islamic times) interest was changed according to the following scheme. One person had a right in the property of another person. It may have been a general right because of the amount lent or the price of something purchased or in any other form. A time was set when the claim would be settled. When the appointed time arrived the creditor would ask the debtor if he wanted to settle the claim or pay interest with an extension to the time. If the claim was settled then there was no increase in the payment. Otherwise the debtor would increase the amount payable and the creditor would extend the period further.
(Vol. IV P.264)

Islam’s View Of Trade

Interest is not a subject without trade and commerce. Islam recognises trade and commerce not only as a lawful profession but also as a moral duty. Islam has laid down a complete set of rules for trade. The reason for these rules is to specify what halal earning is. There are many traditions (Ahaadith) concerning halal provision that can also be found in the books containing the traditions of the prophet (peace be upon him). Actually, Islam has encouraged men to earn their own provision and to provide it to their families. The condition is that the earning has to be according to the conditions set by the Shari’ah. Any sort of transaction that does not correspond to the rules of trade will not be allowed. These rules can be found under the heading of trade in the books of jurisprudence. Interest is amongst those conditions which all dealings must be free from.

How Is Interest Illegal

The definition of interest has already been mentioned as well as that it is prohibited. If we explore the Qur’an we will come across at least four places where Allah has mentioned interest.

The first one is in Surah Al-baqarah verse no.275

  • “Those who devour usury will not stand except as stands one whom the Satan by his touch has driven to madness. That is because they say, “trade is like usury”, but Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden usury”,

In the next verse verse 276 in the same place he says,

  • “Allah will deprive usury of all blessing, and will give increase for deeds of charity, for he does not love any ungrateful sinner.”

Two verses later in verse 278 he says,

  • “Oh you who believe! Fear Allah and give up what remains of your demand for usury if you are indeed believers.”

In verse 279 he says,

  • “If you do not, take notice of war from Allah and his Messenger sallallahu alaihe wasallm but if you repent you shall have your capital sum. Deal not unjustly and you shall not be dealt with unjustly.”

In the second place in Surah Aal-Imran, verse no.130 Allah says,

“Oh you who believe! Devour not usury doubled and multiplied; but fear Allah that you may prosper.”

In the third place in Surah Al-Nisaa’ Allah states in verse 161,

“That they took usury though they were forbidden and they devoured peoples wealth wrongfully; we have prepared for those amongst them who reject faith a grievous chastisement.”

In the fourth place, Surah Al-Room, verse no.39 Allah mentions

“That which you give in usury for increase through the property of people will have no increase with Allah: but that which you give for charity seeking the countenance of Allah, it is these who will get a recompense multiplied.”

Ahaadith Concerning Interest

These ahaadith have been taken from Mishkat-ul-Masabih under the section of interest and the English translation has been taken from its English version written by Al Hajj Moulana Fazl Karim (218-227 vol. II)

Hazrat Jabir radiyallahu anhu has reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallm cursed the devourer of usury, its payer, its scribe and its two witnesses. He also said that they were equal (in sin).
(Muslim)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported that the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallmsaid: A time will certainly come over the people when none will remain who will not devour usury. If he does not devour it, its vapour will overtake him.
(Ahmed, Abu Dawood, Nisai, Ibn Majah.)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallmsaid : Usury has got seventy divisions. The easiest division of them is a man marrying his mother.
(Ibn Majah)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallmsaid: I came across some people in the night in which I was taken to the heavens. Their stomachs were like houses wherein there were serpents, which could be seen from the front of their stomachs. I asked: O Gabriel! Who are these people? He replied these are those who devoured usury.
(Ahmed, Ibn Majah)

Hazrat Ali radiyallahu anhu reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallmcursing the devourer of usury, its giver, its scribe and one who refuses to give Zakat and he used to forbid mourning.
(Nisai)

Hazrat Umar bin Al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu reported: the last of what was revealed was the verse of usury. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallmwas taken and he had not explained it to us. So, give up usury and doubt.
(Ibn Majah, Darimi)

Hazrat Abdullah bin Hanzalah radiyallahu anhu (who was washed by the angels) reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallmsaid: A dirham of usury that a man devours and he knows is greater than 36 fornications.
(Ahmed, Darqutni)

Baihaqi reported from Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu in shuabul iman. He added and said: (as for) one whose flesh has grown out of unlawful food, the fire is more suitable for him.

After narrating all these verses from the Qur’an and relating all the Ahaadith it is apparent to us that interest could never be legal and halal. How could anybody even take the time out to think about a matter in which Allah has declared war on the user and his Beloved Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallm has cursed him? As sensible people we can understand that what our creator has chosen for us is for our own prosperity only.

Interest From A Jurisprudical View

We should deeply thank the Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum in their efforts to spread the religion as they learnt it from the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallm. Then when the religion started to spread vastly Allah brought about four imams who described the religion in general terms in order to make the common public understand. They spent their lives trying to put the whole religion in a collective form through the Qur’an and the Ahaadith and the concise decisions of the Sahaabah radiyallahu anum. In the case of interest, all four imams established a general rule mainly concentrating on this statement made by the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallm.

Hazrat Al-Khudri radiyallahu anhu reported that the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallm said: Gold in exchange for gold, silver in exchange for silver, wheat in exchange for wheat, barley in exchange for barley, dates in exchange for dates, salt in exchange for salt is in the same category and (should be exchanged) hand to hand, so who ever adds or demands increase he has practised usury. The giver and taker are the same.

Out of the four imams, Imam Abu Hanifah has ruled that if the measurement system (volumetric or in compounds) is the same and the two items are in the same category, then they should be sold in the same amount and direct not in credit otherwise interest will be found.

Imam Shaf’ee says that if the items are valuable and could be considered food then there is the chance of interest. Imam Malik says that if the items are valuable and are edible then interest is a subject.

Advice

As you may have realised, giving and taking interest is unlawful. Unfortunately, the basis of many of the transactions (especially in banking and insurance), personal or business involve interest. Thus it is becoming increasingly difficult for the majority of the Muslims, especially those who are comercially orientated to abstain from dealings involving interest. Many of us purchase items on ‘Buy now, Pay later’ schemes thinking that this sort of scheme is of great benefit to us. Sadly, what we fail to recognize at the time of purchasing this ‘supposed bargain’ is the fact that if we fail to pay the required amount at the due time, we will be liable to pay interest.

Now, suppose a couple of months ago, we were purchased an item on a ‘Pay later’ scheme in which there was no question about us keeping upto date with payments, however due to a change in our financial situation, we have failed to pay the required amount, and are paying interest now as a result. We would have joined a group of those unfortunate people who have been cursed by the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam.

Our advice to anyone who is involved in any form of interest is that the individual should minimise his expenditure in these dealings and if possible abstain completely from these transactions. In any case, every individual should continue to seek Allah’s forgiveness. The philosophy shows that a person who takes interest does not gain anything in reality but through the explanation of the Qur’an verse,

” Allah decreases interest and increases sadqah”

That in reality the money just goes to waste and the person does not even realise, and a person who gives money in the path of Allah, in whatever form it may be, actually gains although in reality it seems as though he is loosing out.

Every person should take all necessary precautions in their financial and social dealings. If a person neglects in keeping a watchful eye on financial dealings, this negligence will slowly spread to other aspects of religion. This will have a very detrimental effect on religious matters.

The dealings of usury and interest are not only a disadvantage to us in this world but will also be a source of great discomfort and pain for us in the hereafter. The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam has informed us about the punishment that awaits those people who deal with interest:

“Hazrat Abu Huraira Radhiallaho Anhu has reported the saying of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam that during his ascension (Mi’raaj), he noticed a group of men whose stomachs were bloated to the size of big rooms and their wanting to move from their positions was impossible. They would be crushed in a stampede by the friends of Fir’awn. The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam seeing their condition asked Hazrat Jibra’eel Alayhis Salaam about their identity. He was informed that they were the people who indulged in dealings of usury and interest.”

The summary of the matter is that interest is hazardous and should be abstained from in all manners. If anybody has a case they wish to solve then they should contact a Mufti and present their problem as it is.

Rebloged from: http://islamgreatreligion.wordpress.com

Interest (Riba’)